Sudan grass, originating in tropical North Africa, is widely used in the subtropical and Mediterranean regions of the world as a grazing and hay crop. This tufted grass stools very freely but does not form underground rhizomes. Sudan grass is early flowering, usually heading some 40-50 days after sowing.
It is a vigorous summer grower, very drought resistant but producing little feed in winter. Sudan grass has no resistance to frost. It requires good soil fertility conditions and is well adapted to regions receiving 500 to 900 mm annual rainfall. It recovers well from grazing and its fine stems make it more appropriate for hay making than other sorghums. Breeding efforts have led to the availability of good yielding varieties.
drilled: 8-12 kg/ha
broadcast: 12-16 kg/ha.
Sowing period: May-June (soil temperature > 14°C)
Seed rate: 10 - 12 kg/ha
Row distance: 10 – 25 cm, sowing depth 2 cm
Can be utilized from plant height 40-50 cm onwards
To be harvested 2 till 5 times per year